The Psychodynamic Approach differs to other forms of therapy because the counsellor is trained in childhood development and uses this theoretical knowledge to make definite links between the past and the present. Its an in depth approach taking into consideration the subconscious as well as the conscious.
Psyche = thoughts, feelings and spirit.
Dynamic = Relationships external and internal
Linking Past Present & Future
Psychodynamic counselling looks at the whole person (their spirit), their
conscious and unconscious thoughts and feelings. It views the persons external
and internal relationships and how they have developed from childhood and
relate to the present and future aspects of themselves.
The development of relationships and understanding of self is of great importance
to the model which recognises the past as a huge factor in understanding and exploring our present behaviour, thoughts and feelings. By drawing links between the past and present we are able to identify patterns which will give us greater awareness and the ability to make changes for the future.
What is Psychodynamic Counselling?
The model has its roots in Psychoanalysis developed from research from various Psychologists/Psychiatrists and Psychoanalysts who studied human
behaviour including childhood development, self concept, thought processes, relationships and personality. Research by Sigmund Freud, Melanie Klein, Alfred Alder and Carl Jung have all contributed to the overall philosophy of the approach, The relationship model I studied focused mainly on the work of Melanie Klein whose research influenced marriage guidance organisation RELATE and child rearing as it is understood today.
Some Psychodynamic beliefs
**Past events may effect the present which may impact future events.
**Our adult relationships are shaped by early childhood relationships.
**Our own identity is understood by the roles we play within relationships.
**We are responsible for our own actions and are able to make changes through accepting this.
**Our thoughts, feelings and behaviours are all interlinked.
**Individuals develop their own perceptions of the past.
**We are all capable of good and bad.
**The client and counsellor relationship is an important part of the therapeutic work.